21. November 2014 04:42
The Calcaneus, also known as the heel bone, is a large bone located at the back of the foot. It is responsible for shifting weight bearing strengths from the ankle to the ground while walking, standing or running activities. Performing certain actions, such as rolling the ankle or landing from a height, can put stress on the Calcaneus bone. When this stress is sudden and beyond the tolerance level of the bone, a break may occur which is termed as a Calcaneus Fracture.
The main cause of a Calcaneus Fracture is a sudden weight bearing force on the foot such as falling from a ladder or landing from a height on the heel. Other causes may include sports injuries or automobile accidents.The Calcaneus bone may also sustain stress fractures due to overuse associated with a prolonged marching or running activity.
- Sudden and intense pain in the heel
- Unable to bear weight on the injured heel
- Bruising and discoloration on the heel and ankle
- Visible deformity in the heel
- Difficulty in walking
- Pain increase while touching the ankle or walking
- Numbness or tingling sensation in the toes, foot or ankle
To diagnose and evaluate a Calcaneus Fracture, the foot and ankle doctor will physically examine the heel bone and ask the patient about how the injury occurred. He may also recommend an X-ray or certain other imaging test to analyze the severity of the damage and the nature of the injury.
Treatment options for Calcaneus Fractures depend upon the type and level of the injury. Non-surgical options for mild to moderate injuries may include:
- RICE: Taking proper rest helps the fracture to heal and ice eases pain and swelling. Compression with an elastic bandage while keeping the foot elevated above the heart level also helps to restore the foot’s normal functioning.
- Immobilization: The patient may also be recommended to use a cast or brace to hold the foot in position and prevent the fractured bone from moving. Crutches can help to avoid putting weight on the foot while walking.
In severe cases, the ankle surgeon might suggest the patient to undergo surgical treatment in order to reconstruct or fuse the joint. However surgery is always kept as the last resort.
For consultation regarding the treatment options for Calcaneus Fractures in Carrollton, TX, contact Dr. Heier. To schedule an appointment with the foot and ankle specialist, you can call at (972) 492 - 1334.