Ankle Dislocation: Orthopedic Treatment In Carrollton

by Administrator 27. March 2017 06:21

Tibia and fibula of the leg join with the talus of the foot to form an ankle joint. A sudden blow to the ankle may hamper the normal positioning of these bones leading to a disturbed anatomic relationship. This condition is referred to as Ankle Dislocation and is generally associated with a fractured tibia or fibula.

Types of Ankle Dislocations –

  • Posterior – Talus moves backward in relation to tibia
  • Anterior-   Talus is pushed in the forward direction
  • Lateral- It occurs when the ankle gets inverted or everted
  • Superior - The force moves the talus in the upward direction between tibia and fibula

Causes

  • Twisting or rolling of the ankle
  • Falling or tripping
  • A sudden impact during a car accident
  • Symptoms
  • Severe Pain
  • Swelling and bruising
  • Tenderness
  • Difficulty in bearing weight
  • Ankle may seem to be out of place

Diagnosis

The doctor may check the appearance of patient’s ankle and conduct a thorough physical examination to determine the abnormality in the joint. He may also evaluate sensations experienced in the foot. An imaging test such as an X-ray may be recommended for a clearer view of the condition.

Treatment

Initial treatment of Ankle Dislocation is to apply R.I.C.E principles.

  • Rest – Sufficient rest may allow the scar tissues to connect the muscles and heal the damaged ligaments we well as tendons.
  • Icing – Applying ice after every 15-20 minutes may help to reduce inflammation.
  • Compression - In order to reduce edema caused by deposition of fluid from damaged capillaries, compression may be suggested.
  • Elevation – Keeping the injured feet elevated may help to reduce swelling and bruising.

The doctor may also prescribe certain anti-inflammatory medication and painkillers to alleviate pain. In case any dislocation has occurred due to a fracture, surgical treatment may be recommended. In this, the orthopedic surgeon may use screws and metal plates to restore the position and stability of the ankle joint. He may also ask the patients to wear casts and crutches to immobilize ankle and ensure fast recovery after surgery.

If you are looking for the treatment of Ankle Dislocation, visit Dr. Heier in Carrollton, TX. He is an experienced and board certified ankle specialist. To schedule an appointment with the orthopedic surgeon, you can call at (972) 492 – 1334.

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Mid-Foot Injury: Orthopedic Treatment In Carrollton

by Administrator 23. March 2015 07:19

Midfoot consists of a number of small bones that form an arch in the middle of the foot. Midfoot or Lisfranc injuries result due to breakage of these bones or tearing of ligaments that support these bones. Depending upon the number of bones affected, the condition can range from mild to severe. People often tend to ignore midfoot injuries considering it as a sprain. However, it needs immediate medical attention as severe injury can take months to heal and may even require surgery. If not treated, the injuries lead to increase in stress at the joints, flatfoot and arthritis. Midfoot injuries include ligament tears, strains, dislocations and fractures.

Causes

The midfoot injuries occur due to

  • Fall from a height
  • Twisting of foot
  • Stumbling over the top of foot while playing football or other game
  • Direct trauma or accident, which often leads to multiple fractures

Symptoms

Some common symptoms of midfoot injuries include

  • Swelling
  • Inflammation
  • Tenderness
  • Pain  that worsens with walking or standing
  • Discoloration on the bottom of the foot
  • Bruising on both bottom and top of the foot
  • Inability to walk

As the symptoms are often similar to sprain so you can try the R.I.C.E rest, ice, compression, elevation treatment. However if it does not work, then you should consult an orthopedic surgeon.

Diagnosis

After discussing your concerns and your symptoms, the orthopedic surgeon will examine your foot as well as yjr ankle. The doctor may twist; move your heels and toes to check the extent of pain. The doctor may also ask you to stand on single foot and come on toes to see the affect on the midfoot. After all these tests and examination, the surgeon may recommend imaging tests to confirm the diagnosis. These tests include X-ray, CT Scan, MRI, etc.

Treatment

Once the injury is diagnosed, the surgeon decides the line of treatment depending upon the severity of the injury. In case there is no fracture or dislocation and the ligaments are partially torn, then non-surgical treatments may be sufficient. This requires you to wear a non-weight bearing cast for almost 6 weeks. You may be advised to avoid putting weight on the injured foot. The physician may recommend another X-ray after sometime to see if the injury is healing properly.

If the bones do not heal non-surgically, then you may have to undergo a surgery. During surgery, the joints are realigned and broken bone is set to normal position. The injury may take a few months to heal after surgery. In certain cases, if the joint cannot be repaired, it is fused to heal into a single piece. The rehabilitation may take a few months and a physiotherapist can help you strengthen the ligaments in the foot.

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