28. April 2016 10:14
Flat Feet is a condition which involves collapsing of the arches inside the feet. As a result, the soles of the feet touch the ground, causing discomfort. The condition may occur as a result of loosening of tendons in the foot when excessive pressure is exerted on it. If left untreated, the condition can lead to misalignment of the knees and legs. People with obesity and genetic foot problems are more likely to develop Flat Feet.
- Foot injuries including fractures or dislocation
- Structural deformity of the foot
- Medical conditions such as Rheumatoid Arthritis, Diabetes, Cerebral Palsy etc.
- Overstretching or tearing of tendons in the foot
- Inflammation of the posterior tibial tendon
- Pain, particularly in the arch and heel
- Difficulty in walking
- Inward rolling of foot
- Weakness and numbness
- Difficulty standing on the toes
- Extreme tiredness
The foot doctor may physically examine the foot and evaluate the symptoms experienced by the patient. He may also check the soles of the shoes for any unusual patterns of wear and tear. Imaging tests such as X rays, MRI, CT scan and ultrasound may be conducted to determine the underlying cause of the condition.
- Rest: Adequate rest must be provided to the affected area. The doctor may advise switching to low impact activities such as walking or swimming to aid the recovery process.
- Orthotic devices: The doctor may recommend wearing orthotics or arch supports as it may help in reducing pressure on the foot.
- Physical therapy: Doing specific exercises as suggested by the doctor can help in improving strength of the foot muscles. Physical therapy may also improve range of motion of the foot.
- Medications: The doctor may prescribe anti-inflammatory medicines to reduce pain and discomfort. Cortisone injections may be recommended in case of severe pain.
- Icing or heat therapy: Applying ice packs at frequent intervals can help to reduce swelling. Heat therapy may also be beneficial in relieving the symptoms.
If non-surgical treatments are ineffective, the doctor may recommend surgery.
- Arthrodesis: The surgeon may fuse the foot and ankle bones together by using bone grafts.
- Excision: The procedure involves removing bony growths or spurs in the foot to relieve pain and discomfort.
The condition can be prevented by wearing comfortable shoes that provide stability to the heel. You should avoid activities that puts excessive stress on the foot.
For comprehensive diagnosis and treatment of Flat Feet, consult Dr. Heier in Carrollton, TX. To schedule an appointment with the foot and ankle surgeon, you can call at (972) 492 – 1334.