16. April 2015 14:04
Foot pain is a common problem that can occur due to an array of causes. Foot is a complex structure made of a number of bones, ligaments, tendons and muscles. Any damage to these components can result in injury and pain. In some cases biomechanical changes or diseases restrict the normal movement of the foot and lead to injury. Foot pain is quite frequent among athletes who jump, run and do various other strenuous activities involving the foot and ankle. This common sports related issue sometimes gets very complicated and severe needing surgical treatment.
- Sprains and strains
- Plantar fasciitis
- Morton’s neuroma
- Corns and calluses
- Hammer toe
- Athlete’s foot
- Ingrown toenails
- Achilles tendon injuries
- Trauma or accidents that causes fracture
- Diabetic foot problems
- Fallen arches
- Wearing tight or high heel shoes
- Overstretching and overuse of foot muscles
- Sudden blow and twist to the foot
- Inability to move the foot
- Burning or tingling sensation
- Joint pain
- Muscle cramps and strains
The orthopedic doctor may physically examine the foot to find the cause of the pain. He or she may also recommend certain imaging test to confirm fracture or damage to nerves and muscles.
Consistent pain can lead to disruption of daily routine activities, as you may not be able to put weight on the foot. In order to treat swelling the doctor can recommend the R.I.C.E treatment, which includes rest, ice packs, compression and elevation. You may also find relief from swelling and pain with the help of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. However you may need crutches to walk to avoid putting weight and pressure on the concerned foot. Treatments vary depending upon the cause of the pain and in severe cases such as fractures; surgery becomes essential to repair the bones and ligaments.
The orthopedic surgeon may also refer you to a physiotherapist who will help you do proper exercises that aim at regaining the strength and flexibility. As foot pain is preventable you should avoid wearing ill fitted shoes, put excess pressure on the foot muscles, overuse of foot and do proper warm up sessions. Taking rest at regular intervals and wearing the proper equipment when playing a sport will assist in avoiding foot pain.