27. March 2017 06:21
Tibia and fibula of the leg join with the talus of the foot to form an ankle joint. A sudden blow to the ankle may hamper the normal positioning of these bones leading to a disturbed anatomic relationship. This condition is referred to as Ankle Dislocation and is generally associated with a fractured tibia or fibula.
Types of Ankle Dislocations –
- Posterior – Talus moves backward in relation to tibia
- Anterior- Talus is pushed in the forward direction
- Lateral- It occurs when the ankle gets inverted or everted
- Superior - The force moves the talus in the upward direction between tibia and fibula
- Twisting or rolling of the ankle
- Falling or tripping
- A sudden impact during a car accident
- Severe Pain
- Swelling and bruising
- Difficulty in bearing weight
- Ankle may seem to be out of place
The doctor may check the appearance of patient’s ankle and conduct a thorough physical examination to determine the abnormality in the joint. He may also evaluate sensations experienced in the foot. An imaging test such as an X-ray may be recommended for a clearer view of the condition.
Initial treatment of Ankle Dislocation is to apply R.I.C.E principles.
- Rest – Sufficient rest may allow the scar tissues to connect the muscles and heal the damaged ligaments we well as tendons.
- Icing – Applying ice after every 15-20 minutes may help to reduce inflammation.
- Compression - In order to reduce edema caused by deposition of fluid from damaged capillaries, compression may be suggested.
- Elevation – Keeping the injured feet elevated may help to reduce swelling and bruising.
The doctor may also prescribe certain anti-inflammatory medication and painkillers to alleviate pain. In case any dislocation has occurred due to a fracture, surgical treatment may be recommended. In this, the orthopedic surgeon may use screws and metal plates to restore the position and stability of the ankle joint. He may also ask the patients to wear casts and crutches to immobilize ankle and ensure fast recovery after surgery.
If you are looking for the treatment of Ankle Dislocation, visit Dr. Heier in Carrollton, TX. He is an experienced and board certified ankle specialist. To schedule an appointment with the orthopedic surgeon, you can call at (972) 492 – 1334.