26. October 2016 08:25
The heel bone, also known as calcaneus bone, bears constant pressure throughout the day due to various activities like standing, walking and running. It also acts a shock absorber and provides cushioning to the foot. When this bone receives excess pressure or strain due to repetitive activities, it may lead to a condition called Fat Pad Contusion. Commonly known as Bruised Heel, the injury requires medical attention by an orthopedic doctor.
- Improper Footwear: Wearing poorly cushioned or worn-out shoes may cause pressure on the heel bone.
- Excessive Body Weight: Being overweight may place additional strain on the heel bone, which increases the risk of developing Fat Pad Contusion.
- Age Factor: The bones tend to get brittle with increasing age, which makes elderly people more prone to bone-related injuries.
- Sports Injuries: Athletes involved in contact sports like football, rugby or basketball can suffer the injury due to heavy landings and falls. In addition, running on hard surfaces may also increase the chances of suffering from Fat Pad Contusion.
- Pain and swelling in and around the heel area
- Pain may increase while walking, running or jumping
- The affected area may be tender to touch
An orthopedic foot doctor may first perform a visual inspection of the injured foot. He may then ask the patient questions regarding the mode and time of the injury. Clinical examination such as palpation, X-ray as well as MRI may be conducted to confirm the condition. Accordingly, a treatment plan may be devised.
Conservative Treatment Methods
- RICE Therapy: This therapy may help to reduce swelling as well as pain. It may include:
- Rest: Adequate rest must be provided to the affected area. This may help to reduce swelling as well as pain.
- Icepacks: Applying ice packs at frequent intervals may be beneficial in alleviating pain and swelling.
- Compression: An elastic bandage may be used to reduce inflammation.
- Elevation: Keeping the foot above the level of heart may help to improve circulation.
- Supportive Shoes: Wearing cushioned shoes may provide support to the feet and relieve the pressure from the heel. It may help to stabilize the foot and decrease discomfort.
- Rehabilitation Exercises: The doctor may recommend specific exercises which may help to promote healing. These exercises can reduce stiffness and improve the range of motion.
- Medications: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications may be prescribed by the doctor. In case of severe pain, cortisone injections may be administered.
For comprehensive treatment of Fat Pad Contusion, visit Dr. Heir. To schedule an appointment with the foot and ankle surgeon in Carrollton, you can call at (972) 492 – 1334.