Turf Toe: Symptoms, Causes & Treatment

by Administrator 20. November 2013 06:54

Turf toe is a common cause of foot pain, in which the ligaments surrounding the big toe get strained, leading to swelling, pain and a limited range of motion in the big toe joint. This condition commonly affects football players, as well as athletes in sports like dance, gymnastics, basketball, and wrestling. The condition arises due to repeated jamming motions on the big toe, which leads to the toe being forced into hyperextension.


  • Pain
  • Swelling
  • Limited joint mobility
  • A popping sound at the time of injury
  • Gradual worsening of symptoms


  • The basic cause of turf toe is the hyperextension of the toe joint, which when happens repeatedly with sudden force, leads to the ligaments around the joint getting sprained.
  • The condition usually occurs among athletes playing on artificial surfaces, with those playing on grass being less prone to getting turf toe.
  • Wearing shoes that do not provide adequate support while playing sports involving the feet can increase the chances of getting turf toe. Flexible soccer-style shoes let the foot bend too far ahead, increasing the probability of turf toe.


  • First aid treatment for turf toe involves following the RICE protocol- Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation.
  • Anti-inflammatory medications can be effective in providing relief from pain and inflammation.
  • If you have undergone severe ankle injury, it is important to see an orthopedic specialist in Carrollton immediately, to undergo further complications. You can aid in the quick diagnosis an effective treatment by providing your doctor with accurate details of how and when the injury occurred.
  • The doctor will perform imaging tests such as X-ray and MRI to determine the extent and location of damage.
  • In mild cases of turf toe, you can resume sports activities with orthotics such as a graphite shoe insert with a rigid forefoot component.
  • A walking boot might be prescribed to keep the joint immobilized. More severe injuries might require immobilization for several weeks, followed by physical therapy to help stretch and strengthen the big toe joint.
  • If your symptoms persist or the level of your athletic play is affected, you might need to see a foot and ankle surgeon in Carrollton, to discuss whether surgery is a suitable option for you. The surgery aims at repairing the damaged soft tissues and restoring joint motion.

Tags: ,

Comments are closed